Background Material 19 September 2008

Child labour and school attendance: Evidence from MICS and DHS surveys

This study, carried out by UNICEF, presents findings on child labour and school attendance from 35 household surveys, covering one quarter of the world’s population. Data were collected through Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) from 1999 to 2005. Its findings point to poverty as a clear underlying root cause of child labour. Children from poorer and those from a household whose head is not formally educated were found to be more likely to engage in child labour.

The study recommends the use of targeted cash transfers as a possible policy mechanism of both increasing school attendance and reducing child labour.

Read Child labour and school attendance: Evidence from MICS and DHS surveys 

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